|Jack McCall - Wikipedia
McCall money to buy breakfast and advised him not to play
again until he could cover his losses. Though McCall accepted the money,
he reportedly felt insulted.
|John "Jack" McCall (1852 or 1853 – March 1, 1877), also
known as "Crooked Nose Jack" or "Broken Nose Jack", was the murderer of
Old West legend Wild Bill Hickok, shooting him from behind while he played
poker at Nuttal & Mann's Saloon in Deadwood, Dakota Territory on August
2, 1876. McCall was hanged on March 1, 1877.
Many details of McCall's life are unknown. He was born
in the early 1850s in Jefferson County, Kentucky. McCall was raised in
Kentucky with three sisters, and eventually drifted west to become a buffalo
hunter. By 1876, he was living in a gold mining camp outside Deadwood,
under the alias Bill Sutherland.
Murder of Hickok
McCall was drinking at the bar at Nuttal & Mann's
saloon in Deadwood on August 1, 1876, when one of the players dropped out
of a card game which included "Wild Bill" Hickok. The inebriated McCall
quickly took his place. McCall proceeded to lose several hands, and was
soon broke. Hickok offered
On August 2, a poker game was once again under way at
the saloon, but this time Hickok had his back to the door, in contrast
to his normal practice of sitting in a corner to protect his back. A resentful
and drunken McCall shot Hickok in the back of the head with a single-action
.45-caliber revolver, shouting "Damn you! Take that!" Hickok died instantly
with no chance of defending himself. McCall ran from the saloon and attempted
to steal a horse to escape, but fell from the excited animal. The fleeing
McCall was soon apprehended, found hiding in the back of a local butcher
An impromptu court was called to order with the prosecution,
defense, and jury made up of local miners and businessmen. On trial the
next day in McDaniel's Theater, McCall now claimed his actions were in
retribution for Hickok having previously killed his brother in Abilene,
Kansas. McCall was found innocent after two hours. The verdict brought
the Black Hills Pioneer to editorialize: "Should it ever be our misfortune
to kill a man... we would simply ask that our trial may take place in some
of the mining camps of these hills."
Fearing for his safety, McCall soon left the area and
headed into Wyoming Territory, where he repeatedly bragged about killing
Hickok in a "fair" gunfight. But Wyoming authorities refused to recognize
the result of McCall's acquittal on the grounds that the court in Deadwood
had no legal jurisdiction. Therefore, the local court could not legally
acquit McCall. Because Deadwood was not under a legally constituted law
enforcement or court system, officials argued that McCall could be tried
for murder again. Agreeing, the federal court in Yankton, Dakota Territory,
declared that double jeopardy did not apply, and set a date for a retrial.
McCall was tried again in Yankton for Hickok's murder,
and was quickly found guilty. After almost three months in jail, he was
hanged on March 1, 1877, aged 24. He was buried in the Sacred Heart Cemetery
in Yankton County, South Dakota. The cemetery was moved in 1881, when McCall's
body was exhumed and found to have the noose still around his neck. McCall
was the first person to be executed by federal officials in the Dakota
Territory. The killing of Hickok and the capture of McCall is reenacted
every summer evening in Deadwood.
|Four Dead in five seconds gunfight - from Wikipedia
night of April 13 or in the early morning of the 14th.
|The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight was a famous gun
fight that occurred on April 14, 1881 on El Paso Street, El Paso, Texas.
Witnesses generally agreed that the incident lasted no more than five seconds
after the first gunshot, though a few would insist it was at least ten
seconds. Marshal Dallas Stoudenmire accounted for three of the four fatalities
with his twin .44 caliber Colt revolvers.
On the day of the gunfight, a posse of about 75 heavily
armed Mexicans galloped into El Paso looking for two missing vaqueros named
Sanchez and Juarique, who had been searching for 30 head of stolen cattle.
Solomon Schutz, mayor of El Paso, made an exception for the Mexicans, allowing
them to enter the city limits with their firearms. Gus Krempkau, an El
Paso County Constable, accompanied the posse to the ranch of Johnny Hale,
a local ranch owner and suspected cattle rustler, who lived some 13 miles
northwest of El Paso in the Upper Valley. The corpses of the two missing
men were located near Hale's ranch and were carried back to El Paso.
A court in El Paso held an inquest into the deaths, with
Constable Krempkau, who was fluent in Spanish, acting as an interpreter.
The verdict was that Sanchez and Juarique had been in the vicinity of Hale's
ranch looking for the stolen cattle. The court determined that the American
cattle rustlers, among them Hale, had feared that the men would discover
the cattle and return with a larger force. Two American cattle rustlers,
Pervey and Fredericks, were accused of the murders of Sanchez and Juarique
after they were overheard bragging about killing two cowboys when they
found them trailing the herd to Hale's ranch during the
April 14, 1881
Meanwhile, a large crowd had gathered in El Paso, including
John Hale and his friend, former town Marshal George Campbell. There was
tension between some of the Americans, concerned about the Mexicans being
heavily armed within the city, and the Mexicans, who wanted justice for
their two murdered comrades. At the inquest, Pervey and Fredericks were
formally charged with the murders and immediately arrested. The court was
adjourned and the crowd dispersed. They were scheduled for trial at a later
date. The Mexicans rode quietly back to Mexico with the bodies.
The gun fight
Marshal Dallas Stoudenmire, a noted gunman who had only
started as town marshal on April 11, was present in the court room. After
the court adjourned, he walked across the street for dinner. Constable
Krempkau went to a saloon next door to retrieve his rifle and pistol. There,
a confrontation took place with George Campbell over remarks allegedly
made by Campbell about Krempkau’s translations and his apparent friendship
with the Mexicans. John Hale, who was reportedly unarmed, was heavily intoxicated
and was also upset with Krempkau’s involvement in the matter. Hale grabbed
one of Campbell's two pistols and yelled, "George, I've got you covered!"
He then shot Krempkau, who reeled backward. Slumping against a saloon door,
Krempkau drew his own pistol.
Marshal Stoudenmire heard the shot. Jumping up from his
dining chair at the Globe Restaurant and pulling out his pistols, he ran
out into the street. While running, Stoudenmire fired once, wildly, killing
Ochoa, an innocent college-educated Mexican bystander who was running for
cover. John Hale jumped behind a thick adobe pillar, but as he peered out
from behind it, Stoudenmire shot him between the eyes, killing him instantly.
Campbell stepped from cover with his pistol drawn, saw
Hale topple down, and yelled to Stoudenmire that it wasn't his fight. Constable
Krempkau, mistakenly believing that Campbell had shot him, then fired his
pistol twice at Campbell before losing consciousness. The first bullet
struck Campbell's gun and broke his right wrist, while the second hit him
in the foot. Campbell screamed and scooped up his gun from the ground with
his left hand. Stoudenmire whirled and fired. Campbell dropped his gun
again, grabbed his stomach and toppled to the ground. Stoudenmire walked
slowly toward Campbell and glared down at him. In agony, Campbell yelled,
"You big son of a bitch! You murdered me!" Stoudenmire said nothing. Both
Campbell and Krempkau died within minutes.
After just a few seconds, four men lay dead or dying.
Three Texas Rangers were standing nearby, but did not take part, saying
later that they felt Stoudenmire had the situation well in hand.
Three days after the gunfight, on April 17, 1881, James
Manning, a friend of Hale and Campbell, convinced former deputy Bill Johnson
to assassinate Stoudenmire. Stoudenmire had publicly humiliated Johnson
days before. Late at night of April 17, an intoxicated Johnson was hiding
behind a pillar of bricks, but his wobbly legs gave in and he fell backward
squeezing double triggers of his double barrel shotgun into the air which
narrowly missed Stoudenmire. Stoudenmire immediately fired his Colts and
sent a volley of eight bullets at Johnson, shooting off his testicles.
Johnson bled to death quickly.
This began a feud between Stoudenmire and Manning and
his brothers. Eventually, first Stoudenmire's brother-in-law Stanley "Doc"
Cummings and later Stoudenmire himself died at the hands of the Mannings,
who were acquitted in two trials in which the juries were packed with their
|Havey Logan - from Wikipedia
probably fewer than five. Descendants of the "Curry Kids"
remain scattered throughout Eastland County and the surrounding areas to
|Harvey Alexander Logan (1867 - June 17, 1904), also known
as Kid Curry, was an American outlaw and gunman who rode with Butch Cassidy
and the Sundance Kid's infamous Wild Bunch gang. Despite being less well
known than his counterparts, he has since been referred to as "the wildest
of the Wild Bunch". He reputedly killed at least nine law enforcement officers
in five different shootings, and another two men in other instances, and
was involved in several shootouts with posses and civilians during his
Kid Curry was born in Richland Township, Tama County,
Iowa. His mother died in 1876, and his brothers, Hank, Johnny and Lonny,
moved to Dodson, Missouri, to live with their aunt Lee Logan. Until at
least 1883, Curry made his living breaking horses on the Cross L ranch,
near Rising Star, Texas. While there, he met and befriended a man named
"Flat Nose" George Curry, from whom he took his new last name. His brothers
soon adopted the same last name. The three brothers were known as hard
workers until they got paid. Money didn't stay in their pockets for long.
They all had a taste for alcohol and women. Kid Curry would often return
from a train or bank robbery, get drunk and lay up with prostitutes until
his share of the take was gone. After Kid Curry became famous, the prostitutes
would frequently name him as the father when they became pregnant. The
children were referred to as "Curry Kids." It is believed that Kid Curry
was credited with as many as eighty-five children. The number of children
he actually fathered was
He rode as a cowboy on a cattle drive to Pueblo, Colorado,
in 1883. While in Pueblo, he was involved in a saloon brawl. To avoid arrest,
he fled, settling in southern Wyoming. In Wyoming, Curry worked at the
"Circle Diamond" ranch. By all accounts, when sober, Curry was mild-mannered,
likable, and loyal to both friends and his brothers.
The events that changed the course of his life began when
his brother Hank and friend Jim Thornhill bought a ranch at Rock Creek,
in what was then Chouteau County, Montana and is now Phillips County, Montana.
The ranch was near the site of a mine strike made by local miner/lawman
Powell "Pike" Landusky. Landusky, according to some reports of the day,
confronted Curry and attacked him, believing Curry was involved romantically
with Landusky's daughter, Elfie. Landusky then filed assault charges against
Curry, who was arrested and beaten.
Two friends of Curry's, A.S. Lohman and Frank Plunkett,
paid a $500 bond for Curry's release. Landusky's daughter, Elfie, later
claimed it was Curry's brother, Lonny, with whom she had been involved.
However, the confession came much too late. On December 27, 1894, Curry
caught Landusky at a local saloon, and hit Landusky, stunning him. Curry,
evidently believing the fight was over, began walking away. Landusky pulled
his pistol and began threatening Curry, who was unarmed. Curry's friend
and his brother's partner, Jim Thornhill, gave Curry his pistol. Landusky's
gun jammed and Curry shot him dead.
Curry was arrested and at an inquest was released when
it was judged that he acted in self defense. However, a formal trial was
set. Curry believed he would not get a fair trial, because the judge was
close friends with Landusky. For this reason, Curry left town.
Riding with the Black Jack Ketchum gang
He started riding with outlaw "Black Jack" Ketchum. Pinkerton
detectives began trailing Curry shortly after his departure from Montana.
In January 1896, Curry received word that an old friend of Landusky's,
rancher James Winters, had been spying on him, for the reward offered in
his arrest. Curry and two of his brothers, Johnny and Lonny, went to Winters'
ranch to confront him. However, a shootout erupted. Johnny was killed,
while Curry and Lonny escaped. Shortly after, Curry and Lonny argued with
Black Jack Ketchum over the take in a train robbery. The two brothers left
the gang and joined the circus.
Forming his own gang
They both received employment on a cattle ranch, arranged
by their cousin, Bob Lee, near Sand Gulch, Colorado. Pinkerton agents trailing
Curry gave up his trail briefly. Curry, Lonny, Walt Putnam and George Curry
formed their own gang around this time. He temporarily left Colorado, intending
to scout good targets for potential robberies. On April 15, 1897, Curry
was reportedly involved in the killing of Deputy Sheriff William Deane
of Powder River, Wyoming, as he and his gang gathered fresh horses on a
ranch in the Powder River Basin. After this, he returned to Colorado to
the ranch where he was working.
By June 1897, the cowboy job had ended, and Curry ventured
north with the rest of the gang. They robbed a bank in Belle Fourche, South
Dakota, and met resistance outside the bank from the townspeople. One of
their friends, Tom O'Day, was captured when his horse spooked and ran away
without him. The others escaped, but while planning a second robbery a
posse from the town caught up with them in Fergus County, Montana. During
a shootout, Curry was shot through the wrist, and his horse was shot from
under him, resulting in his capture. George Curry and Walt Putnam were
also captured. All three were held in the Deadwood, South Dakota jail,
but only briefly; they overpowered the jailer and escaped. They headed
back into Montana and robbed two post offices.
Riding with Butch Cassidy and the Wild Bunch
During this time he began riding with the Wild Bunch gang
under Butch Cassidy. On June 2, 1899, the gang robbed the Union Pacific
Railroad Overland Flyer near Wilcox, Wyoming, a robbery that became famous.
Many notable lawmen of the day took part in the hunt for the robbers, but
they were not captured.
During one shootout with lawmen following that robbery,
both Kid Curry and George Curry shot and killed Converse County Sheriff
Joe Hazen. Noted killer-for-hire and contract employee of the Pinkerton
Agency, Tom Horn, obtained information from explosives expert Bill Speck
that revealed that George Curry and Kid Curry had shot Hazen, which Horn
passed on to Pinkerton detective Charlie Siringo. The gang escaped into
the Hole-in-the-Wall, an area that the gang used as its hideout. Curry
and the Sundance Kid used a log cabin at Old Trail Town as a hideout before
they robbed a bank in Red Lodge, Montana. Butch Cassidy, the Sundance Kid,
and other desperados met at another cabin brought to Old Trail Town from
the Hole-in-the-Wall country in north central Wyoming. It was built in
1883 by Alexander Ghent.
Siringo had been assigned the task of bringing in the
outlaw gang. He became friends with Elfie Landusky. Effie was using the
last name of Curry, alleging that Lonny Curry had got her pregnant. Through
her, Siringo intended to locate the gang. Siringo changed his name to Charles
L. Carter, disguised himself as an on-the-run gunman, and began mingling
with people who might know the Currys, becoming friends with Jim Thornhill.
However, Kid Curry was in a place referred to as "Robbers
Roost", in Utah. Curry then went to Alma, New Mexico, with Cassidy and
others, intending to hide for a while. On July 11, 1899, while working
at the W.S. Ranch, Curry robbed a Colorado and Southern Railroad train
near Folsom, New Mexico, with gang members Elzy Lay and Sam Ketchum. A
posse led by Huerfano County (Colorado) Sheriff Ed Farr cornered the gang
near an area called Turkey Creek, which resulted in two gun battles over
a period of four days. Lay and Ketchum were both wounded and later captured,
with Lay killing the sheriff and wounding Colfax County Deputy Henry Love
in the process. He received a life sentence for the murders. Ketchum died
from his wounds days later while in custody, and deputy Love died from
wounds he received. Curry escaped, but he, Cassidy, and other members of
the gang were forced to leave New Mexico. Sam Ketchum was the brother of
Tom "Black Jack" Ketchum. Curry traveled to San Antonio, where he stayed
briefly. While there he met prostitute Della Moore (also known as Annie
Rogers or Maude Williams), with whom he became romantically involved. At
the time of their meeting, she was working in Madame Fannie Porter's brothel,
which was a regular hideout for the Wild Bunch gang.
Moab revenge gunfight, other killings to avoid capture
On February 28, 1900, lawmen attempted to arrest Lonny
Curry at his aunt's home. Lonny was killed in the shootout that followed,
and his cousin Bob Lee was arrested for rustling and sent to prison in
Wyoming. Kid Curry was now the last surviving brother. In March 1900, Curry
was identified in St. Johns, Apache County, Arizona as he was passing notes
suspected of being from the Wilcox robbery. Local Apache County Sheriff
Edward Beeler gathered a posse and began tracking Curry, who was accompanied
by Bill Carver. The posse shot it out with Curry and Carver on March 28.
Curry and Carver killed Deputy Andrew Gibbons and Deputy Frank LeSeuer.
On May 26, Kid Curry rode into Utah and killed Grand County, Utah Sheriff
Jesse Tyler and Deputy Sam Jenkins in a brazen shootout in Moab. Both killings
were in retaliation for them killing George Curry and his brother Lonny.
Curry then returned with the Wild Bunch. On August 29
they robbed Union Pacific train No. 3 near Tipton, Wyoming, which newspaper
stories claiming the gang got more than $55,000. The gang again split up,
with Kid Curry and Ben Kilpatrick heading south to Fort Worth, Texas, while
Cassidy, the Sundance Kid, and Bill Carver immediately pulled off another
robbery in Winnemucca, Nevada.
Siringo, still working the case for the Pinkertons, was
in Circleville, Utah, where Butch Cassidy had been raised. Curry rejoined
the gang, and they hit a Great Northern train near Wagner, Montana on July
3. This time, they took over $60,000 in cash. Gang member Will Carver was
killed in Sonora, Texas by Sutton County Sheriff Elijah Briant during the
pursuit following that robbery.
Again the gang split up. In October 1901, Della Moore
was arrested in Nashville, Tennessee for passing money tied to an earlier
robbery involving Curry. On November 5 and 6, gang members Ben Kilpatrick
and Laura Bullion were captured in St. Louis, Missouri. On December 13,
Kid Curry shot Knoxville, Tennessee policemen William Dinwiddle and Robert
Saylor in a shootout and escaped. Curry, despite being pursued by Pinkerton
agents and other law enforcement officials, returned to Montana, where
he shot and killed rancher James Winters, who was responsible for the killing
of his brother Johnny years before.
Capture, escape, death
Curry then traveled back to Knoxville. In a pool hall
on November 30, 1902, Curry was captured after a lengthy physical fight
with lawmen. He was convicted of robbery because facts in the murder of
the two policemen were not definite and no witnesses would testify, and
he received a sentence of 20 years of hard labor and a $5,000 fine. On
June 27, 1903, Curry escaped. Rumors that a deputy had received an $8,000
bribe to allow his escape spread, but nothing could be proven.
On June 7, 1904, Kid Curry was tracked down by a posse
outside of Parachute, Colorado. Curry and two others had robbed a Denver
and Rio Grande train outside Parachute. As they escaped, they stole fresh
horses owned by Roll Gardner and a neighbour. The next morning, when they
discovered their horses had been stolen, Gardner and the neighbour set
out in pursuit of the gang. They joined up with a posse and continued tracking
the outlaws. The gang shot Gardner's and his neighbour's horses from under
them. Gardner found cover while his neighbour started running. Kid Curry
took aim at the neighbour and Gardner shot Curry. The wounded Curry decided
to end it at that time, and fatally shot himself in the head to avoid capture.
The other two robbers escaped. The rifle Gardner used is still in the family
today. Rumors persist that Curry was not killed in Parachute, and was misidentified,
having actually departed for South America with Butch Cassidy and Sundance.
Charlie Siringo resigned from the Pinkerton's, after believing they got
the wrong man.
Curry is buried in Pioneer (Linwood) Cemetery overlooking
Glenwood Springs, Colorado, a short distance from fellow gunfighter Doc